- Common Name(s): Big Brown Bat, Little Brown Bat, Bat
- Order: Chiroptera
- Family: Vespertilionidae
- Common Species: Eptesicus fuscus– Big Brown Bat, Myotis lucifugus-Little Brown Bat
- Commonly Confused With: Birds
How to Identify?
Big Brown Bats are light to dark brown in color, and may sometimes appear rusty-colored. The ears, snout, tail, and wings are black and leathery in appearance with no fur on them. Little brown bats have a shinier fur ranging in color from light to dark brown. The wings and legs have little to no fur, but the hind feet do have hair. While there are many bat species in North America, these two species are the most common bat pests in Georgia.
Where do they live?
Bats live outdoors in tree holes, caves, rocky outcrops, wood piles, hollow logs, and even man-made structures like mines, homes, businesses, stadiums, etc.
What do they eat?
These animals are insectivores. This means that they eat insects. Big Brown Bats tend to feed on harder insects, like beetles, while Little Brown Bats go for smaller prey, like midges (some people may call them gnats).
What do they do?
Bats can be a problem because they often live in close proximity to humans. They often roost in attics and have the potential to cause a number of issues. Rabies, bat bugs (which are similar to bed bugs), fleas (which can transmit their own types of disease), and guano (poop) are all issues associated with bats. Not only can bat guano pile up in large quantities, but it can also stink, stain, and cause histoplasmosis in humans. Histoplasmosis is caused by breathing in fungal spores that can be spread by the poop of birds and bats. This is where Active comes into play: we not only get rid of the bats through humane, non-lethal methods, we also specialize in removing the guano safely and efficiently!
Bats hunt using echolocation. They produce soundwaves which come back to the bat (echo), which paints a picture of the bat’s surroundings. People who are blind or have bad eyesight can also learn how to use echolocation to move around without bumping into different things.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015, November 21). Fungal Diseases–Histoplasmosis. Accessed December 21, 2018 at https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/histoplasmosis/index.html
- Havens, A. 2006. “Myotis lucifugus” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 21, 2018 at http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Myotis_lucifugus/
- Mulheisen, M. and K. Berry 2000. “Eptesicus fuscus” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 21, 2018 at http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Eptesicus_fuscus/
Author: G. Wyatt West– B.S.E.S University of Georgia 2017; Board Certified Entomologist
If you develop a pest problem while under our protection, Active Pest Control will work to resolve the issue, guaranteed. We provide free callbacks if problems arise between scheduled appointments.