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What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Spread?

Mosquito-borne diseases may be rare in our part of the world, but they’re nonetheless a serious threat. Each year, there are more than 700,000 deaths from vector-borne diseases, mostly affecting populations in tropical and subtropical regions. The most common mosquito-borne diseases are:

  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Chagas disease
  • Yellow fever
  • Zika virus
  • Rift Valley fever
  • West Nile virus
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Which Mosquito Species Can Transmit Disease?

The three species of mosquitoes that are responsible for spreading diseases are Aedes, Culex, and Anopheles mosquitoes. There are multiple species within these families. Thankfully, there are many types of mosquitoes that are not responsible for transmitting disease and are primarily nuisance pest. Here in Georgia, we have had reported cases of these more dangerous mosquitoes that are capable of transmitting numerous dangerous diseases.

What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Carry in Georgia?

More than 200 types of mosquitoes are found in our nation. Of those, only about 12 types are capable of transmitting disease. The diseases that have been found in the United States include Dengue, chikungunya, Zika virus, and Malaria; these outbreaks occurred in Florida, Texas, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and the US Virgin Islands. Most cases of malaria reported occur in returned travelers from tropical regions.

For the most part, the mosquitoes we encounter here in Georgia are not vectors for disease. Therefore, bites will typically result in nothing more than just mild symptoms.

Do I Have a Mosquito-Borne Disease?

After being bitten by a mosquito, it’s important to be aware of any side effects to look for. If you begin to notice anything more than just mild symptoms that pass in a few days, it’s time to get in touch with your doctor as soon as possible. Common symptoms of vector-borne diseases include:

  • Sudden high fever
  • Stiff neck
  • Confusion
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle tremors or seizures
  • Severe headaches
  • Rash

What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Spread? in Georgia

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